A diet that is super easy to follow and also has heaps of health benefits, way beyond just weight loss. That’s pretty much the dream combination, right? Welcome to intermittent fasting. We’re here to break it all down for you, so you can even start today if you’d like!
Read on to learn more about the many benefits of intermittent fasting, the various schedules you can follow, the foods and drinks you should include, and how to maximize your fasting if you’re looking to lose weight or if you’re a woman.
Intermittent fasting is as simple as a schedule that divides your day into two parts: an eating window and a fasting window. While most diet plans are fundamentally concerned with WHAT you eat, this plan is all about WHEN you eat, and that’s it.
There’s no meal planning, no shopping lists or other advance preparation. You can customize your eating schedule based on your lifestyle, and then all you have to do is follow the schedule! The structure of intermittent fasting is meant to make the most of your body’s natural metabolic processes every day, so that you can be on your way to long term optimal health.
Intermittent fasting might just be the simplest diet you’ve ever encountered, and it has something for everyone–whether you’re looking to lose weight, increase your athletic performance or boost your brain health. In fact, the results are so potent, they almost seem to good to be true. We were skeptical too, so we’ve compiled a list of all the health benefits supported by scientific studies:
1. Weight loss and maintenance
By training your body to burn fat for energy, intermittent fasting will tap into your body’s natural weight loss mechanisms. Plus, the simplicity of the plan means you’re much more likely to stick with it!
2. Increased energy
Unlike so many calorie restriction diets that can make you feel sluggish, the intermittent fasting schedule is designed to regulate your hormones so that you’re always easily accessing stored fat for energy. No more afternoon slumps!
3. Increased mental clarity and focus
Intermittent fasting has the ability to boost your brainpower because it increases your BDNF, which supports brain connectivity and new neuron growth. (1)
4. Better cognitive function
The hormonal changes that occur when you follow intermittent fasting have actually been shown to provide protection against neuro-degenerative diseases that affect your memory and brain function. (2)
5. Regulated blood sugar and insulin levels
The quickest and most efficient way to lower insulin levels is through fasting. While you’re in your fasting window, no new glucose is being supplied to your body, which means your body has no choice but to use up stored glucose. (3)
6. Support healthy cholesterol and blood pressure
Intermittent fasting is an excellent prescription for heart health, because of its ability to support your liver’s cholesterol production at a healthy level. Studies have shown that 70 days of alternate-day fasting can reduce LDL cholesterol by 25 percent. (4)
7. Reduced inflammation
Your body relies on a process called “autophagy” to clear out old and damaged tissues and cells. When you fast and give your body a break from the constant effort of digesting food, it seems to be able to focus more energy on repair, which means alleviating inflammation in the body. (5)
8. Increased metabolic rate
When you practice intermittent fasting and successfully switch your body into fat-burning mode, your body is actually using adrenaline to release stored glycogen and access fat to burn. These increased adrenaline levels will speed up your metabolism. (6)
9. Long term anti-aging benefits
So you’ve decided to give intermittent fasting a try (congratulations!), and you need to know what the eating schedule is. Even just a quick online search probably gave you an overwhelming amount of information about the different kinds of plans, durations, days, etc…
With such a wide variety of intermittent fasting regimens, how can you figure out which one is best for you?
Not to fear, we’ve put together a helpful breakdown of the different schedules. After all, you want to make sure you’re choosing a schedule that works well with your lifestyle and can maximize the incredible health benefits that intermittent fasting can give you.
The 16/8 Schedule
This is easily the most popular of all the intermittent fasting schedules. It combines an 8-hour eating window with a 16-hour fasting window. So, for example, only eating between the hours of noon and 8:00 p.m.
Pro: This is the most common schedule for a reason. It fits pretty seamlessly into most lifestyles, seeing as how you can choose to skip either breakfast or dinner, depending on your personal preferences. Also, you’re sleeping during a good chunk of the fasting window, which makes it easier.
Con: 16 hours can be a long time to go without food when you’re new to fasting. After one or two weeks, most people hardly notice any more hunger pangs, but it does take your body a little while to get adjusted to this schedule.
Who it’s for: This schedule is suited for just about anyone, but especially if you’ve already experimented with shorter fasting windows, you might want to give this one a try. It tends to hit the sweet spot for most people as far as being manageable while still providing noticeable benefits.
The 12/12 Schedule
This is typically the best way to start out for anyone completely new to fasting. It used to be quite normal for people to fast for 12 hours. Dinnertime around 7pm, breakfast at 7am. Enter the advent of freezer food and late night snacks, not to mention the longer work days which cause people to stay up later.
Suddenly we are eating around the clock, and it’s wreaking havoc on our blood sugar and waistlines. Did you know that your body doesn’t actually switch from a “fed” state to the “fasted” state until about 4 hours after you’ve finished your last meal?
Pro: This schedule requires minimal effort. It is a great way to reset your body to what is more natural for it (giving your digestive system a break overnight). Plus, you’ll probably sleep better and you’re not likely to experience any hunger pangs with such a small fasting window.
Con: Because the fasting window is relatively small, you’re not likely to see as many health benefits as quickly as you would on a plan with a longer fasting window. This is because it typically takes your body anywhere from 8-10 hours after enjoying your last meal to get to a fasted state. Only then do you enter fat-burning mode. So with a 12-hour fast, you’re only going to be in fat-burning mode for maybe 2-3 hours.
Who it’s for: Anyone new to fasting or struggling with the idea of giving up food for too long.
The 20-Hour Fast (Warrior Diet)
A 20-hour fasting schedule has been popularized by the “Warrior Diet,” which was created by Ori Hofmekler. Inspired by the eating habits of ancient Spartan and Roman warriors, this plan requires you to eat all your food within a four hour window. So, for example, only eating between 2pm and 6pm. The Warrior Diet also encourages a focus on high-intensity interval training and a diet of unprocessed foods.
Pro: Because this is a pretty condensed intermittent fasting schedule, it can work really well for folks with a hectic lifestyle. You only have to worry about preparing and eating food for 4 hours per day, and the rest of the day you can just focus on getting everything else done. Also, many people report getting very deep and restful sleep when they follow this plan.
Con: It can be difficult for some people to go a full 20 hours without consuming any calories, especially when you’re just starting out with fasting.
Who it’s for: Someone who already has some experience with intermittent fasting but who is looking for faster fat-loss results. Also, there are online testimonials of folks who started with the 16/8 plan but found that they were still experiencing sugar cravings and a desire to overeat during the 8-hour window. These folks found great success with the Warrior Diet, because it is nearly impossible to overeat in a 4-hour eating window, given the limited space in your belly!
The 24-Hour Fast
Despite how it sounds, a 24-hour fast does not require you to go a whole day without eating. You will just be fasting from dinner one day until dinner the next day. Or breakfast to breakfast or lunch to lunch, depending on what you prefer. If you have dinner at 7pm tonight and don’t eat again until 7pm tomorrow, you’ve just completed a 24-hour fast.
Pro: This one can be very complementary to a busy day at work. Let’s say you have a super hectic day at the office or maybe a full day of travel. Instead of stressing about when and what to eat in the midst of your chaotic day, just take a break. Don’t worry about eating all day, until whenever you get home for dinner.
Con: You don’t want to do this one every day. It’s not recommended to do a 24-hour fast more than twice per week.
Who it’s for: People whose busy schedules could benefit from eliminating the stress of finding, preparing, eating and cleaning up food for an entire day, a couple days per week.
The 5:2 Diet
This plan is a little different than most traditional intermittent fasting schedules. Instead of completely abstaining from food during any set fasting window, you instead just dramatically limit your calories during a period of time. Specifically, you eat normally for 5 days of the week. On the other two days (your choice), women limit their calories to 500 for the day, and men stay below 600 calories per day.
Pro: You never have to face a time period where you’re not allowed to eat anything. This is a great plan to ease your way into the concept of fasting, without diving in all the way.
Con: You do have to be pretty precise about counting calories twice a week, which can be a pain. That means you need to look up the caloric content of everything you’re eating, measure out your portion sizes, and keep track throughout the day.
Who it’s for: People who enjoy the process of counting and tracking calories. (We know you’re out there!) This is also a great plan for anyone who is daunted by the prospect of having to face hunger pangs while fasting, because you never actually have to go without food on this plan.
Tim Ferriss 3-Day Fast Protocol
Tim Ferris has developed a three-day fasting protocol that is meant to accelerate your transition into ketosis, also known as fat-burning mode. Here’s what it looks like:
Stop eating by 6pm on Thursday. On Friday morning, go for a 3-4 hour walk while drinking lots of water. This should use up your body’s remaining glycogen stores, which will then transition you into ketosis. You don’t eat anything all day Friday and Saturday, but Tim does recommend supplementing with MCT oil or other ketone sources. You continue your fast into the daytime on Sunday and then break your fast with dinner on Sunday evening, right around 6pm. Tim’s protocol recommends doing this kind of 3-day fast once a month.
Pro: This plan has proven results for dropping people into ketosis much more quickly than other schedules. And because you stay in ketosis for several days, you can expect accelerated fat loss, plus reduced inflammation and increased autophagy (cell regeneration).
Con: Fasting for several days straight is not easy for the uninitiated. You also have to plan your day around being able to go for a long walk on the first full day of fasting. And, definitely expect to have lower energy levels throughout the fast.
Who it’s for: Anyone who’s highly motivated to get accelerated benefits of intermittent fasting. If you’ve already experimented with other schedules and maybe are looking for a kickstart to break through a weight loss plateau, this might be the right plan for you.
Alternate Day Fasting
This intermittent fasting schedule is actually a hybrid plan, where you can pick either the 16/8 schedule, the 12 hour fast, or the 20-hour fast. Then, instead of following that plan every single day, you would only adhere to your chosen fasting window every other day.
Pro: This approach tends to make any intermittent fasting schedule much more manageable and customizable.
Con: It might take a little longer to see health benefits, since you’re not switching your body into the fasted state every day. Please note: this doesn’t mean you won’t see benefits! Plenty of people get awesome results with alternate day fasting, and they find it much easier to sustain.
Who it’s for: Anyone not ready to commit to a full intermittent fasting schedule every day. Also, this approach definitely seems to work better for some women. You can read more about how intermittent fasting can affect women differently further below.
This is a more intense fasting approach, typically deployed in situations where there is physician oversight and you’re trying to regulate Type 2 Diabetes. It looks like this: Finish eating dinner by 7pm tonight, don’t eat at all tomorrow, and then have breakfast after 7am the day after tomorrow. Dr. Jason Fung has used this protocol with great success in helping those who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes.
Pro: Excellent success rate, over the long term, for managing insulin sensitivity.
Con: Quite difficult to implement.
Who it’s for: Primarily recommended for those trying to manage insulin sensitivity.
Do you get suspicious anytime you hear people raving about a new diet plan that makes losing weight easy? We don’t blame you.
In a world full of gimmicks and fads, there is one plan quickly rising to the forefront because it has the weight of scientific research behind it. Intermittent fasting is increasingly being praised as a plan that causes steady weight loss while also being easy to stick to.
Many people swear it’s the most powerful tool they’ve found for losing weight, and they’re not imagining things. Intermittent fasting’s secret lies in the fact that it shifts your body from burning carbs and sugar for fuel to burning fat instead. A 2014 study demonstrated that this plan could help reduce your body weight by 3-8% in 3-24 weeks! (9)
We’ve identified a few key reasons as to why it works so well for losing weight.
1. Secret Weapon For Battling Cravings
Considering that the mere word “fasting” can make us feel hungry, it’s a pleasant surprise for many intermittent fasting followers to discover that, after about 1-2 weeks, they no longer experience any hunger pangs during their fasting windows. And no, it’s not just a trick of the mind or extreme willpower. There’s a scientific reason why this happens.
You see, one of the most important effects that intermittent fasting has on your body is that your insulin levels become regulated. (10) Instead of rising and falling all day long (which is what happens when you eat all day long), your blood sugar levels stay stable. This automatically translates to less sugar cravings. (11)
The other cool thing that happens when you start intermittent fasting is that the levels of a hormone called “ghrelin” become far more normalized. Ghrelin is known as the hunger hormone. When it’s out of whack, that’s when you feel hungry all the time. After a couple weeks of intermittent fasting, your ghrelin levels become far more regulated, and that’s when your hunger pangs start to disappear.
2. Natural Calorie Restriction, But Better
At the root of nearly every diet known to man is the concept of calorie restriction. We’ve all seen the formula:
Calories eaten < calories burned = weight loss
Calorie restriction is also the main reason why most diets fail over the long-term. It goes against human nature and thus is incredibly difficult to sustain.
Intermittent fasting has earned high praise on account of the fact that it naturally leads to calorie restriction, without feeling like that’s what you’re doing. We like to call it “sneaky” calorie restriction. Here’s why: a typical intermittent fasting schedule (eating only between noon and 8:00pm) usually equates to skipping breakfast. Because it’s difficult to eat more than a certain number of calories per meal, cutting your day from 3 meals down to 2 can have a noticeable effect over time.
Studies have been done comparing a group of people who were asked to restrict their calories all day, and another group that was asked to follow an intermittent fasting schedule.(12) Both groups derived similar health benefits, except the intermittent fasting group experienced better insulin regulation.(13)
Most importantly, the intermittent fasting group found their diet much more manageable.(14) For most of us, it’s psychologically and biologically easier to restrict our eating to a certain time frame, as opposed to restricting our overall daily caloric intake.
3. Retain Lean Muscle Mass
Perhaps the biggest downside of many restricted calorie diets is that they have been proven to lead to loss of lean muscle mass, which actually slows down your metabolism.(15) This is really bad news for your ability to maintain any weight loss.
The good news? Research has shown that intermittent fasting actually helps you retain lean muscle mass while still losing weight. (16) Phew!
4. Better Eating Habits
When you intermittent fast, you’ll be sticking to a smaller eating window than you’re probably used to. This will naturally cut down on late night snacking, which is often a hidden culprit of excess calories and sneaky weight gain. When you know that giving in to the munchies is just going to kick yourself out of fat-burning mode, it’s much easier to resist that late-night fridge raid!
5. It’s Sustainable
Perhaps one of the most striking things about the intermittent fasting “craze” is that people are treating it less like a diet and more like a lifestyle. So many followers find themselves not only losing weight, but feeling better and actually wanting to stick with this eating schedule. So intermittent fasting can quickly become a lifestyle change, as opposed to a crash diet.
Possibly the two hottest diet plans around right now are the keto diet and intermittent fasting. Both claim to provide a wide array of health benefits well beyond weight loss. But can you follow both plans at the same time?
Yes! Not only are these two diets compatible, but they might even enhance one another. Have you hit a plateau with your keto diet? Or maybe you’re looking for a way to make intermittent fasting more manageable and effective? Well you might want to consider taking advantage of this powerful duo.
First, let’s get a quick refresher on what exactly the Keto diet is.
The ketogenic (or “keto”) diet is essentially a low-carb and high-fat eating plan. Specifically, it prescribes eating 70-80% of your calories from fat sources, 15-25% of your calories from protein, and limiting your carbohydrate calories to 5% of your diet. The average Keto dieter tries to eat less than 40 grams of carbohydrates per day.
Eating in accordance with a keto diet is intended to shift your body to burning ketones for energy, instead of glucose (sugar and other carbs).
Here’s how it works: when you dramatically limit your carbohydrates, your body eventually goes into “ketosis,” which means it’s using ketones for energy. Translation: your body is using fat stores for energy.
Using fat as a fuel source is actually believed to be less stressful for your body and to give you more energy. Also, giving your body a break from having to work to regulate your blood sugar levels leads to lots of health benefits.
Interestingly, a keto diet actually mimics the effects of fasting, without the fasting. In other words, eating very little carbs can have the same effect on your body as eating nothing at all.
|Protein (15-25%)||Fruit/Veggies (5%)||Eliminate|
|Bone Broth||Cucumber||Diet Soda|
Ok, so we’ve got the basics of each of these diets down. How exactly do they benefit one another?
1. Shift into ketosis sooner
One of the primary goals of a keto diet is to get into ketosis as quickly as possible, and to stay there for as long as you can. When you practice intermittent fasting, your fasted state has already starved your body of carbs, which means your glucose levels are lower than those of someone who doesn’t fast.
This means that when you’ve been fasting, your body will shift to burning fat reserves and ketones even sooner. And that translates to getting you into ketosis much more quickly than if you weren’t fasting.
The flip-side of this is also true. Being in ketosis mimics fasting, because your body is burning fat for fuel. So if you’ve been trying an intermittent fasting plan but haven’t really noticed any results, following a keto diet during your eating windows might just give you the jumpstart you’ve been looking for.
2. Lose weight faster
The common core that intermittent fasting and the keto diet share is that they are designed to switch your body from burning glucose to burning fat instead. And when you put both diets together, your fat burning is actually maximized.
Here’s why: if your keto diet has successfully put you into ketosis, then your body has adapted itself to using fat as fuel. When you add intermittent fasting into the mix, your body has a head start on the fat-burning track and will actually be even more efficient at continuing to burn fat.
Compare this to someone who doesn’t follow a keto diet. When they adopt intermittent fasting, their body will be much slower to enter the fasted state, which is where all the fat-burning magic happens.
3. Boost your brain health and mental focus
Did you know that your brain is one of the body’s biggest consumers of energy? It’s true. And it just so happens that fat, not glucose, is the most energy-efficient fuel that your body can run on. Since both intermittent fasting and the keto diet train your body to burn fat for energy, your brain reaps huge benefits from both these plans.
After all, we always have fat stores available to burn. So as long as your body knows how to tap into those fat stores for fuel, your brain has a constant energy source on which to run. This is why people following both intermittent fasting and the keto diet experience more mental clarity, focus, and other neurological benefits. (17)
There’s even more good news for your brain. Studies have shown that fasting boosts production of a protein (BDNF) that feeds your brain stem cells and promotes neural health. (18)
4. Make both diets easier
Let’s be honest, one of the main reasons some of us are skeptical about trying intermittent fasting is that fasting leaves you feeling hungry. A keto diet, however, is known to help decrease cravings and hunger, due to the high fat content of the keto eating plan (19).
So if you’re already following a keto diet, you may find the fasting windows of an intermittent fasting plan much easier to manage. Both eating plans are designed to keep your insulin levels steady, which means less cravings and hunger pangs over the long term.
5. Enhance your exercise
Can you even exercise while you’re fasting? This is a common concern, but the answer is a resounding “yes!” Not only is it okay, but a growing number of studies show that following intermittent fasting and a keto diet can in fact enhance the long-term health benefits of your exercise program.
Both intermittent fasting and the keto diet train your body to burn stored fat for energy. This triggers a variety of metabolic adaptations that will actually increase your workout performance while you’re fasting.(20)
Worried about losing muscle? Don’t be! This study revealed that you can actually maximize your muscle gains when you train while fasting. And this study indicates that when you do strength training in a fasted state, the nutrients you consume afterwards will be better utilized by your body than if you hadn’t been fasting during your workout. Pretty cool!
And for those of you concerned about whether your actual workout performance will suffer as a result of fasting, not to worry. Studies have been done on Muslim athletes who fast for Ramadan, and no negative effect on performance was found. If you do decide to workout while fasting, we recommend you do it right before you start your eating window for the day.
1. Listen to your body
As with any new diet plan or exercise regimen, only you yourself can be the ultimate expert. We are all unique and will respond differently to the same plans.
If you’ve decided to follow a 16:8 intermittent fasting schedule but find yourself really struggling, tired and hungry, don’t hesitate to modify your schedule. Try shifting your eating window to later in the day, or check to make sure you’re getting enough high-quality keto food calories.
If it’s still not working for you, maybe try expanding your eating window to 10 hours, or only practice an intermittent fast every other day.
2. Don’t start both at the same time
So you’re really motivated to take advantage of the potent fat-burning effects that these two diets offer. We get it! But if you’re brand new to both intermittent fasting and the keto diet, it’s not recommended that you try to adopt both at the same time. Trying to master the new eating habits of a keto diet while also sticking to the new schedule of intermittent fasting can be overwhelming, to say the least, which means you’ll be more likely to give up.
We recommend starting with an intermittent fasting schedule for approximately two weeks, so that your body has time to adjust to the new pattern. At this point, your body will also be more adept at shifting into a fat-burning zone, so that when you start eating a keto diet, you’ll likely find it easier to drop into ketosis.
One of the more surprising aspects of both the Keto diet and intermittent fasting is that some seriously tough athletes claim these eating plans help to increase their athletic performance.
They just might be onto something. If you’re looking to boost your sports performance, here’s what you should know: one of the primary reasons these eating plans work is because training your body to burn fat can help you recover from exercise more quickly. And if you eat a keto diet and follow an intermittent fasting schedule, then your body becomes increasingly more efficient at switching over to fat-burning mode. The easier it is for your body to burn fat, the better your athletic performance and recovery time.
There’s a growing number of endurance and elite athletes who have incorporated fasted training into their programs. Fasting creates a combination of high adrenaline and low insulin levels that further stimulates burning fat for energy. And if you’re looking to add lean muscle mass, regular fasting has been shown to increase growth hormone levels, which helps with muscular development.
Despite what it might sound like, intermittent fasting is NOT about starving yourself. So what exactly can you consume while following an intermittent fasting plan? And are there drinks that can make it easier or more effective? We wanted to get to the bottom of that question, and here’s what we discovered.
Intermittent fasting breaks your day into two parts:
- Eating (feeding), and
- Not eating (fasting)
There are entirely different guidelines for what you can eat and drink, depending on whether you’re in your eating window or fasting window.
During your fasting window, you need to refrain from consuming any food or beverages that contain calories. So….. no food. But you have several beverage options, and these are important, because it is critical to keep yourself hydrated while fasting. Plus, there are certain drinks which can even help enhance the benefits of your intermittent fasting plan. Sweet!
Water is always a great choice, all day long, every day. It can be still or sparkling, whatever you enjoy. You can also add a squeeze of lemon or lime to your water, or infuse a pitcher of water with cucumber or orange slices. But make sure you stay away from any artificially-sweetened water enhancers (like Crystal Light). The artificial sweetener will wreak havoc on your insulin levels, which defeats the entire purpose of fasting!
Technically, black coffee is a calorie-free beverage, and many people drink it during fasting with no adverse effects. There are some people who experience a racing heart or upset stomach if they use coffee during a fast, so monitor your own experience. You can can drink caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee, but any sweetener or milk is prohibited. Spices like cinnamon are totally fine!
Bonus: black coffee might actually enhance some of the benefits of intermittent fasting. This study demonstrated that taking in caffeine can increase ketone production, which means you’re more likely to slide into fat-burning mode even faster. Coffee has also been shown to improve your insulin sensitivity over the long term, which means more stable blood sugar.
A bone or vegetable broth is recommended for anytime you decide to fast for 24 hours. Beware of canned broths or bouillon cubes, as these have tons of artificial flavors and preservatives that will counteract the effects of your fast. A good homemade broth, or one made by a trusted source, is the way to go.
Tea just might be the secret weapon that not only makes your fasting plan easier, but also more successful. All types of tea are great to drink during a fast, including green, black, oolong and herbal. But green tea in particular has been proven to help suppress appetite and enhance weight loss. (21) And tea in general boosts the effectiveness of intermittent fasting by promoting gut health, probiotic balance and cellular detoxification.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar
Drinking apple cider vinegar has numerous health benefits, and you can definitely continue drinking it while intermittent fasting. And since apple cider vinegar helps to regulate your blood sugar and improve your digestion, it make actually enhance the effects of your intermittent fasting plan.
6. Drinks to Avoid
There are a few beverages that you might not realize are capable of breaking your fast. That just means that if you consume these, you will knock your body out of the fat-burning mode that intermittent fasting put you in: diet soda, coconut water, almond milk, and alcohol!
Even though diet soda technically doesn’t have any calories, the artificial sweetener it contains will spike your insulin levels and wreak havoc with your blood sugar. Same goes for alcohol. And coconut water and almond milk both tend to be very high in sugar. Sugar equals carbs, so as soon as you consume these, you are no longer considered to be fasting.
If you’re trying to stick to a new intermittent fasting plan, you’re going to want to see what we’ve learned about tea. Not only can tea make your fasting experience more enjoyable and manageable, but it will actually make your intermittent fasting more effective.
Considered to be a health elixir in many ancient cultures, this simple drink is a powerhouse enhancer for your intermittent fasting lifestyle. You know all those incredible proven benefits you can get from intermittent fasting? Well, drinking the right kind kind of tea will actually increase the health benefits you experience.
Read on to discover the documented benefits that drinking tea can unlock for you, which teas you should be drinking, and also how much. Cheers!
1. Dramatically reduces hunger pangs
Especially in the first couple of weeks of intermittent fasting, it can be very normal to experience hunger pangs. Please know, this is NOT because intermittent fasting causes any kind of starvation.
Those hunger pangs are simply a function of the fact that your system is spoiled and used to being fed every few hours. But remember, your body doesn’t actually move from the “fed” state to the “fasted” state until approximately 4 hours after you’ve had your last meal. You don’t want to give up on one of the most potentially beneficial eating plans around just because of a growling tummy, right?
Tea to the rescue! It’s not just something to fill your belly. Green tea catechins have been proven to lower your ghrelin levels.(22) What’s ghrelin, you ask? Ghrelin is a hormone known as the “hunger hormone,” and it is the primary culprit of those annoying hunger pangs. For many of us, lifestyle, environmental and biological stressors can lead to a hormone imbalance which will actually set off hunger pangs that have nothing to do with a true need to eat.
Normalizing your ghrelin levels will alleviate this problem and help you adapt to intermittent fasting with minimal discomfort. Now that’s a fast fix!
2. Aids in weight loss
Green tea in particular has been proven time and time again to be a successful aid in reducing body fat and LDL cholesterol.(23)(24) This goes above and beyond mere weight loss — these are true long-term health benefits!
The catechins in green tea seem to be particularly effective in burning visceral abdominal fat, which is the most unhealthy (and potentially dangerous!) fat that your body stores. In fact, studies have shown that green tea can aid in reducing waist size without changing body weight. (25)
The other way tea can aid weight loss is because caffeine has actually been proven to increase your body’s production of ketones.(26) This means you’ll slide into a fat-burning mode even sooner.
3. Improves Autophagy (Promotes Anti-Aging)
Auto what? Your body relies on a process called “autophagy” to clear out old and damaged tissues and cells. You can think of it as housecleaning for your body on a cellular level. Autophagy is necessary to maintain muscle mass, reduce the progression of age-related diseases, and maintain mental health and function.
When you fast and give your body a break from the constant effort of digesting food, it is able to focus more energy on the repair functions of autophagy. (27) Even better, drinking tea has been found to enhance the rate of autophagy in your body. This enhanced autophagy is the scientific reason behind why both tea and intermittent fasting have been linked to anti-aging.
4. Boosts detoxification
What makes tea such a unique substance is the polyphenols contained in tea leaves. Polyphenols are antioxidants that battle free radicals found in your body and have powerful detoxification properties. Ingesting polyphenols can help you experience improved gut health and digestion, healthier skin, sustained energy, improved mental clarity, a stronger immune system and reduced stress.
Tea is hands-down the richest source of polyphenols found in nature, but you do need to make sure you are getting them in sufficient quantity to experience these detoxification benefits.
The word “tea” often gets thrown around in a general sense when talking about healthy drinks. But have you ever found yourself staring down the tea selection at your local coffee shop or grocery store aisle and feeling overwhelmed? Us too! Especially if you’re new to tea-drinking, it can be daunting to figure out which type of tea you should choose! We want to help you break it down by highlighting the four types of tea which can be most beneficial to intermittent fasting.
Did you know that green tea is considered to be the healthiest drink in the world, right after water? It’s true!
As mentioned above, the catechins in green tea are proven to aid in reduction of body fat and LDL cholesterol. And since green tea contains not only these amazing catechins, but also caffeine, these two elements work together to boost your metabolic rate and ability to burn fat.
In fact, one study showed that your daily calorie expenditure could increase by up to 4% by drinking green tea. (28) When that increase is happening on a daily basis, it makes more of a difference than you’d think!
The green tea catechins are also potent antioxidants, which are thought to protect the body from cellular damage and inflammation. And don’t forget what we mentioned above about green tea affecting your ghrelin levels, so you’ll definitely want to grab a cup anytime you’re struggling with hunger pangs or cravings.
Fun fact: black tea and green tea are derived from the exact same plant! The only difference is in how the tea leaves are processed. Black tea leaves are fermented, while green tea leaves are not.
While green tea has continually claimed all the attention of the health world, black tea is finally starting to get the recognition it is due, particularly because of its fermented properties. Most people don’t realize that black tea is a very potent prebiotic, excellent for promoting balanced gut health!
The fermentation process means that black tea provides slightly less antioxidants than green tea, but it also means that black tea provides more caffeine.
This might make black tea a great choice for you, because caffeine can not only help give you energy if fasting is causing you to lag, but it also has been shown to enhance your ability to switch to fat-burning (ketosis) and increase the rate of autophagy in your body.
The compounds found in black tea have been linked to increased heart health, plus improved digestion and detoxification, and even reduced stress levels. Black tea contains something called methyl xanthine, which boosts your serotonin levels. Increased serotonin leads to improved mood and relaxation.
So if you happen to find yourself stressed about your new intermittent fasting regimen, or maybe a bit grumpy during the hours you can’t eat (it’s okay, we won’t tell!), black tea might be your new best friend.
A tea with added ginger is an excellent option while fasting. Ginger is well known for its ability to soothe an upset stomach, but drinking it can actually reduce hunger pangs and cravings. Ginger also has the added benefits of improving your digestion and boosting your immune system. So you can be less hungry and stay healthier too!
Known to be a potent detoxification elixir, rooibos tea is an excellent herbal option, for when you don’t want the caffeine boost that green and black teas will give you. Legend has it that Cleopatra drank rooibos tea regularly for clear and glowing skin. She was on to something, because rooibos does indeed help the body fight off toxins and improve circulation.
Even better, rooibos also supports your liver in processing fats and clearing them from the body. One study showed that rooibos caused existing fat to be metabolized faster and prevented new fat cells from forming.(29) No wonder rooibos tea is considered to be a powerful addition to an intermittent fasting plan!
Autophagy is how your body detoxifies and repairs itself. And considering it plays a major role in anti-aging, we wanted to share a little more about this fascinating cellular process, including what health benefits you can expect and also how to turn it on!
You might never have heard of it, but autophagy is a cellular process that is quite vital to staying alive. It comes from the Greek word for “self-eating.” Sounds a bit creepy, but it’s actually pretty cool!
You can think of autophagy as cell recycling. It refers to the process where a cell actually starts to destroy itself in order to reuse certain chemical compounds for other purposes. (30)
Why on earth would our cells sacrifice themselves this way? This “self-eating” is critical to removing toxic waste from our cells as well as regulating their protein composition and removing pathogens. You know, all the things that keep us healthy! (31)
This awesome cell survival process is regulated by our genes. And scientists have recently discovered that our genes are programmed to turn autophagy on and off depending on changes within the cell. For example, your genes can detect the levels of oxygen, nutrients and energy within your cells, and they will either switch autophagy on or shut it off as needed. (32)(33)
So when things are going pretty well for your cells, like when you’re eating well and not expending too much energy, then autophagy typically runs at a pretty low level, just to keep things maintained. It’s when your cells get stressed, like during starvation, illness or strenuous exercise, that autophagy gets turned up to full blast.
So why should you care whether and how much autophagy your cells are engaged in? Great question. Let’s take a look at the potential benefits of increased autophagy.
So we just learned that autophagy is sort of like cell recycling. We all know that recycling is good for the planet, but what can this cellular recycling do for our bodies? For starters:
- Might help you live longer
- Protects your brain
- Reduces inflammation
- Helps fight disease
Full disclosure, the function of autophagy was only discovered in the past few decades, so we’re still learning about all of its implications. Many more long-term studies on humans are required before we know more, but for now, scientists who have been studying autophagy are referring to it as having a “key role in preventing diseases such as cancer, neurodegeneration, cardiomyopathy, diabetes, liver disease, autoimmune diseases and infections.” (34) Here’s more about what we know:
1. Might help you live longer
It’s virtually impossible to prove that any one thing can help every person live a longer life. All we can do is look at the science and decide what might work for us. So consider these facts: One of the primary reasons our bodies age is because of the accumulation of damaged parts of our cells. The more damaged cells we have, the faster we age.
Now, autophagy clears out these damaged cellular components, which means that increasing autophagy can help slow down the aging process.(35) And this is more than just a theory — scientific studies show that increasing autophagy can extend the lifespan of several species of animals.(36)
Is this a fountain of youth for humans? The evidence isn’t quite so black and white, but we do know that increased autophagy can reduce your risk of contracting disease, and that’s definitely a great way to live longer!
2. Protects your brain
The health of your brain cells can be very dependent on autophagy. Scientists have learned that many neurodegenerative disorders are caused by deformed proteins accumulating around the neurons of the brain.(37) This causes death of brain cells which leads to a gradual loss of mental functioning. Yikes!
But if autophagy is running at a normal or increased rate, these problematic proteins are more likely to get cleared out so that they can’t accumulate and wreak havoc on your neurons.(38)
3. Reduces inflammation
We typically associate inflammation with something unhealthy, right? Like putting too much strain on our muscles can make them inflamed, or eating a poor diet can cause our digestive tract to flare up. The truth is that even a superhumanly healthy person will eventually experience inflammation as part of aging.
Here’s the unfair reality: no matter how healthy your lifestyle, the world exposes you to toxins that eventually cause a buildup of free radicals in your body. These free radicals cause cell damage, and this happens at an increased rate as we get older. The cell damage is what causes inflammation in our bodies, and that inflammation can put you at greater risk for contracting disease.
The scary part is you might not even realize you’re suffering from inflammation! It’s not always as obvious as being sick. Do you battle regular headaches or just feel tired all the time? Maybe it’s remarkably difficult for you to lose weight? Inflammation could be the culprit.
Since cell damage is what leads to inflammation, getting rid of damaged cells is the key. And that is precisely what autophagy does. Autophagy is essentially the general housekeeping of your cells, sweeping away any of their damaged organelles. (39)
4. Helps Fight Disease
Autophagy helps keep you illness-free on two fronts: 1) by battling pathogens in your body and 2) by boosting your immune system so you don’t catch as many illnesses to begin with.
When you have an infection, there is a certain amount of toxins that build up within your cells. Autophagy is responsible for clearing these out. (40) This is why it’s so important that autophagy is working properly — the faster these toxins get out, the faster your recovery!
Autophagy is also particularly important to battling infectious disease. There are nasty little microbes that find their way into your cells when you contract an infectious disease. Studies have shown that autophagy can clear these microbes right out, including those associated with tuberculosis, streptococcus and HIV. (41)(42)(43)
If you’d like to avail yourself of any of those benefits above, you might be wondering just how you can increase your body’s own rate of autophagy. That’s what we wanted to know, and we’ve learned that there are three main ways to boost autophagy: 1) fasting 2) exercising and 3) sleeping.
1. Intermittent Fasting
One of the reasons that intermittent fasting has become so popular is because it has been linked to anti-aging benefits. And, you guessed it, the reason intermittent fasting diets can claim to slow aging is because of autophagy.
Studies have demonstrated that the restricted eating schedules of intermittent fasting do indeed activate autophagy in your body. (44) That’s because it creates a condition of stress on your cells.
Here’s how it works: while you’re in the fasting period of your eating schedule, your cells no longer have a ready supply of nutrients coming to them. In order to make sure your cells can keep functioning without this nutrient supply, your body turns to autophagy to increase the recycling of the useful parts of your cells. (45)
Another very productive way to harness the benefits of autophagy is through exercise. You see, when you stress your lungs, muscles and cells through exercise, your body automatically fires up the autophagy process to help your cells recover from that stress. (46)
Do you remember learning that strength training actually creates little tears in your muscles, and that’s how you get stronger? Well, in order to heal those little tears in your muscle fibers, your body relies on autophagy. So essentially, exercise helps your cells detox.
Okay, so technically sleeping is not putting stress on the body. However, studies have shown that getting proper sleep is absolutely critical to autophagy. You know how the circadian rhythm affects your sleep cycle? Well it also affects your autophagy cycle. If you’re skimping on sleep, your body will not cycle through autophagy as fully as it is meant to do. (47)
It’s no secret that men and women respond differently to diet and exercise programs. Intermittent fasting is quickly becoming the hottest trend for achieving weight loss and a host of other benefits. So, we wanted to investigate whether women should follow the same type of intermittent fasting plan as men. Here’s what we found.
There definitely seems to be a variety of valid perspectives on this topic, as is the case with most health matters these days! Overall, there doesn’t appear to be any evidence that intermittent fasting is bad for women. Despite this, there are some women who do experience negative effects. It is possible that women will respond better to certain intermittent fasting schedules than others, and we’ll dig into what those schedules are below.
When trying to get to the bottom of how intermittent fasting works for women’s bodies, you’ll find that the answers fall into two very distinct categories. There is the science and research, which tells us that fasting is safe and successful for women. Then there are the personal experience testimonials, which tell us that certain intermittent fasting plans can be tough on some women, while other plans seem to work great. We’ll break this information down for you here. At the end of the day, you just need to try what feels right for you!
There are two primary areas of concern that many women have before starting a fasting plan: Is it safe? And will I get the same benefits that men experience?
Safety of fasting for women
Probably the most common concern is that women’s hormone levels will be adversely affected by intermittent fasting. Indeed, one rat-based study did show that intermittent fasting can cause hormonal imbalance in female rats. (48)
Scientific research on humans, however, has shown just the opposite. Short-term fasting seems to have no effect on a woman’s hormones or menstrual cycle, and all reproductive hormones should stay within normal levels. (49)
What’s a short-term fast? Anything less than 24 hours. Fasts lasting longer than 24 hours are not recommended for women, as they are likely to start negatively affecting hormone balance.
Caveat: women who already have very low body fat levels are not likely to be good candidates for intermittent fasting. (Neither are men with excessively low body fat!) The fat loss triggered by intermittent fasting can cause a woman with already low levels of body fat to experience amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle) or difficulty conceiving. But a woman with normal and healthy body fat levels is not likely to experience any serious changes in her reproductive hormone profile while fasting. (50)
Also, pregnant and breast-feeding women should never fast.
Benefits of fasting for women
Virtually all studies on fasting confirm that men and women both experience the same benefits. In one particular study, men and women were shown to have very similar rates of weight loss during fasting. (51)
Recognized fasting expert Dr. Jason Fung has treated nearly 1000 patients with intermittent fasting, and he concludes that women actually tend to do better than men when it comes to successfully seeing results. In his experience, the highest success rates for weight loss with intermittent fasting actually occur when a husband and wife follow the plan together.
A quick Google search will lead you to a catalog of women’s experiences with fasting, which range from miraculously healing to downright awful. Of course, just about any diet or fitness plan out there can result in this wide spectrum of experiences. It’s because we’re all so beautifully individual! But we wanted to highlight a few key points to guide you in your decision of whether intermittent fasting is right for you, and which schedule you should choose.
1. Use a Modified Fasting Schedule
According to the weight of testimonials, women seem to respond much better to intermittent fasting when they adopt shorter fasting windows than men, and stick to an alternate-day fasting schedule. Here’s what that looks like:
On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, only eat between 10:00am and 8:00pm. That’s a 14 hour fast with a 10 hour eating window. On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays, you would eat normally.
You might find this method referred to as the “Crescendo Method” of intermittent fasting. It gives your female body a chance to adapt to the new stresses of intermittent fasting, and it is more likely to help you achieve long-term benefits. If you’re following the method for 2-3 weeks and feeling good, you can always add one more day of fasting per week, or maybe try extending your fasting window by one hour for one day per week.
2. Monitor Yourself
You should always pay close attention to how your body is responding to any changes to your diet or exercise routine. But with intermittent fasting in particular, you want to keep an eye out for any of these changes:
- Increased stress
- Trouble falling or staying asleep
- Hair loss
- Anxiety or depression
- Low energy
- Slowed digestion
- Muscle pain or increased soreness
- Mood swings
- Loss of sex drive
- Loss of menstrual cycle
- Feeling cold
If you are definitely noticing one or more of these symptoms in a pronounced way, please stop your fasting plan immediately. If you’re starting to feel like any of these symptoms are just starting to happen, you can try to adopt a more conservative and gentle fasting approach. That means taking a couple days off of fasting before trying it again, or making your eating window a couple hours longer.
3. Make Sure You’re Getting Enough Protein
The main reason why intermittent fasting can be trickier for women than men is because of its effect on hormone balance. And one of the key ingredients to keeping hormones balanced is protein!
Eating protein provides your system with amino acids, which are the building blocks of the estrogens (estriol, estradiol, and estrone) in your body. If you’re not getting enough protein and amino acids, your body can’t make enough of these estrogen metabolites. (52)
In general, women tend to eat less protein than men. And when women adopt a shorter eating window, they are more likely to wind up consuming even less protein.
So if you decide to give intermittent fasting a try, it can be helpful to make sure you’re getting a solid helping of high-protein foods at every meal during your eating window (think fish, beans, quinoa, protein shakes). You can also consider taking a BCAA (branch chain amino acids) supplement during your fasting days.
If you’re eager to give intermittent fasting a try but are nervous about what to expect, don’t feel like you are alone! There are quite a few awesome support groups and message boards on Facebook and Reddit. Just search for “intermittent fasting for women” and see which groups appeal to you. It can be very helpful to read through the personal experiences of other women, or to be able to reach out to them with questions about your own journey.
If you’re still not sure this intermittent fasting thing is for you, we want to take a minute and answer the most common concerns.
How can an eating schedule have so many benefits?
Turns out, the time we spend eating can be just as important to our health as the foods we are eating. Here’s why: at any point in time, your body is either “fed” or “fasted.” While you might assume that your “fed” time only includes the time spent eating, it actually refers to the approximately 4-hour period of time in which your body is digesting and absorbing the food you’ve eaten.
So let’s say you finish eating dinner at 6pm. Your body actually remains in a fed state until approximately 10pm. Only then does your body enter the fasted state. Assuming, of course, you haven’t had any nighttime snacks after dinner!
Why should you care about whether or not you’re in a fasted state? Because that is where all the good stuff happens. Not only does your body shift to burning stored fat once it enters the fasted state, but a number of other metabolic changes happen here that are responsible for the wide array of health benefits described above.(53)
Getting into the fasted state is actually pretty rare for most of us. That’s why the sole purpose of intermittent fasting is to allow your body to get into a fasted state and stay there for a couple hours.
So when should I eat?
Hands down the most popular intermittent fasting plan is called the 16:8. It means you fast for 16 hours and eat during the remaining 8 hours of your day.
The best part is that you can start your 8-hour window anytime you want. For example, you can try skipping breakfast and only eating lunch and dinner. Need your breakfast? No problem, just skip your dinner instead. Experiment with different windows until you figure out what works well for your lifestyle and personality, and what makes you feel physically at your best.
What should I eat?
Because intermittent fasting plans are purely concerned with WHEN you eat, it’s easy to get confused about WHAT you should be eating during your eating window. Technically, intermittent fasting has no rules about this. You’ll find many intermittent fasting guides that tell you to eat whatever you want.
That being said, it’s common sense that the benefits you reap from fasting will be limited by your food choices while eating.
If you happen to be following a Ketogenic (“Keto”) diet or have been considering one, it actually complements intermittent fasting very well. You can read more about combining the two above.
What should I drink?
During your fasting window, you need to refrain from consuming any food or beverages that contain calories. So….. no food. But you have several beverage options, and these are important, because it is critical to keep yourself hydrated while fasting.
Further above, we’ve got a quick-start guide to the drinks that can help your fasting journey.
Won’t I be tired while fasting?
This super common concern about fasting has actually been disproven time and time again. Because intermittent fasting provides your body with more breaks from the digestive process, it will actually give you more energy and boost your productivity.
And if you’re worried that you won’t be able to keep up your regular fitness routine while fasting, not to fear. Studies show that exercising while following an intermittent fasting plan can actually be even more beneficial than just exercise alone.(54)
Isn’t fasting bad for my metabolism?
Quite the opposite! Long-term starvation diets can certainly harm your metabolism, but an intermittent fasting schedule has actually been proven to boost the metabolism (55). And while many weight loss programs result in loss of lean muscle mass, intermittent fasting only targets your stored fat, so you get to preserve all your muscle tissue, which is so critical in keeping your metabolism humming along (56).
I’m terrible at diets, how do I stick through them?
You’re not alone. But people who try intermittent fasting overwhelmingly discover that it is surprisingly easy to implement. The main reason diets fail is because behavior change is hard. But with this, there’s only one rule to follow, and there’s zero advance planning.
In other words, it’s simple enough that you’ll actually be able to keep it up! There’s even scientific research indicating that “subjects quickly adapt” to an intermittent fasting plan, making it a highly effective technique (57).
When can I expect to see results?
As with any diet, results certainly vary. However, in most cases you might have a one to two-week adjustment period where you experience lethargy or hunger cravings. We highly recommend drinking tea to help you out, as it will quell your cravings, boost your energy, and assist in detoxification.
And despite this adjustment period, most people will lose one or two pounds in their first week and will subsequently start to see their energy levels and mental alertness rise while their cravings and excess fat disappear.
Is intermittent fasting really for everyone?
If you are a woman, it’s possible that intermittent fasting may affect you differently. In general, it seems that women tend to respond better to using a schedule that has a wider eating window. For example, some women have noticed increased health benefits by using a 10-hour eating window with a 14-hour fast, instead of the 16:8 plan popularized by male bodybuilders. You can read more in-depth information about intermittent fasting for women above.
As with any diet or exercise plan, we recommend trying different options and listening to your body to see what works best for YOU. There’s a fantastic all-female intermittent fasting Facebook group here for you to check out if you’d like to connect with other women about their experiences.
Also, if you are diabetic, hypoglycemic, have any issues with blood sugar regulation, are pregnant or breast-feeding, or have a history of disordered eating, intermittent fasting may not be for you. You should talk to your doctor before making changes to your eating schedule.